These languages represent the binary divide in the migration patterns of Southeast Asia. The settlement of the South Pacific Ocean by anatomically modern humans AMHs represents the final major migratory event of the global expansion that started in Africa. This migration followed the southern coastal route through SEA into Indonesia, reaching New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago around 33 kya, and eventually the Solomon Islands approximately 29 kya. The descendants of this initial exodus from Africa speak Papuan and are referred to as Melanesians. However, genetics and other concurring fields also show a second dispersal, the Austronesian Expansion, which started about 5—6 kya from SEA.
It has been postulated that this migration by Taiwanese tribal farmers initiated a dispersal throughout ISEA, first into the Philippines, Melanesia mixing with Papuan speaking groups , 5 then arriving in the Tonga and Samoan archipelagos, about 2. The LCC is represented by a variety of artistic works and tools used by people of this region. While the term Austronesian refers specifically to language and not to people or cultural traits, it has been used loosely to refer to all people and cultures that speak a dialect of the language.
Because the current literature uses the term loosely, this chapter will follow that trend, using Austronesian to refer to both people and culture.
Because the Austronesian Expansion is so heavily characterized by language, linguistic data have been very effective in tracing the remnants of this migration. While there are many Austronesian speakers, each subgroup has their own individual language. To study relationships between languages, linguists create language trees and phylogenies to determine pathways of interaction between the subgroups. It should be noted that DNA has a set mode of inheritance, whereas language can be more variable.
Linguists use statistical modeling to see which language pair best fits with others and which is likely to be the root of the tree. The spread of the Austronesian language coincided with the dispersal of the LCC. First and heavily noted in Near Oceania, specifically the Bismarck Archipelago, LCC is most often characterized by its elaborate, dentate-stamped, red-slipped pottery in various shapes; although, other artifacts also constitute the LCC assemblage.
Set alert. About this page. Learn more about Ethnobotany. Ethnobotanical approach Ethnobotany is the study of interrelations between humans and plants; however, current use of the term implies the study of indigenous or traditional knowledge of plants. Introduction Ethnobotany has a very long history dating back to the Biblical Old Testament times. Ethnobotany contributes to drug discovery by providing leads to: 1.
- Jennifer Lawrence Unauthorized & Uncensored (All Ages Deluxe Edition with Videos)!
- LIBERO WebOPAC Search Results (W).
- Browse Cari.
- Dog Smart.
Uses of Weeds - Ethnobotany Robert L. Zimdahl, in Fundamentals of Weed Science Fifth Edition , Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between plants and people Balick and Cox, One longs for a weed here and there, for variety; A weed is not more than a flower in disguise, Which is seen through at once, if love give a man eyes. Leopoldo Romero, in Advances in Phytomedicine , I.
Leakey, in Multifunctional Agriculture , In addition, the ethnobotany of many other species is being studied within the context of their potential for domestication e. In situ conservation of wildlife in West Africa S. Asystasia gangetica Linn.
Texts and Readings - Advanced Ethnobotany
Spondias mombin Linn. Anacardiaceae a Stomach ache b Pneumonia a Bark b Bark 4. Enantia chlorantha Oliv. Annonaceae Fever Bark 5. Xylopia aethiopica Dunal Annonaceae Spices Fruit 6. Funtumia elastic Preuss Stapf. Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel Apocynaceae Infertility Root bark 9. Tabernaemontana pachysiphon Stapf Apocynaceae Hypertension Latex Anchomanes difformis BI.
Araceae Eye diseases Rhizome Colocasia esculenta Linn. Schott Araceae Labor pains under delivery of new baby Rhizome Culcasia saxatilis A. Araceae Wound Plant Secamone afzelii Schultes K. Asclepiadaceae Galactagogue Leaves Ageratum conyzoides Linn. Asteraceae Compositae Eye diseases Leaves Chromolaena odorata Linn. Eupatorium Odoratum Linn. Synedrella nodiflora Linn. Asteraceae Compositae Ulcer wound Leaves Vernonia amygdalina Del. Kigelia Africana Lam. Benth Bignoniaceae Chicken pox Root Newbouldia laevis P. Spathodea campanulata P.
Bignoniaceae High fever Leaves Ceiba Pentandra Linn.
Bombacaceae Soap a Bark b Stem Buchholzia coriacea Engl. Combretum racemosum P. Combretaceae a Seasoner b Toothache a Leaves b Latex Terminalia superba Engl. Palisota hirsuta Thumb K. Schum Commelinaceae Malaria Plant Momordica charantia Linn. Cucurbitaceae Eye diseases a Leaves Alchornea cordifolia Schum.
Euphorbiaceae a Dysentery, stomach trouble b Athletic foot a Leaves b Leaves Alchornea laxiflora Benth. Euphorbiaceae Hemorrhoids Pile Root bark Bridelia ferruginea Benth. Euphorbiaceae Stomach trouble Bark Jatropha curcas Linn.
- The Injustice of Depression Misdiagnosis?
- What's new?
- About this book.
- I Just Dont Understand.
Euphorbiaceae a Stops bleeding b Toothache a Latex b Stick or twig Jatropha gossypilolia Linn. Euphorbiaceae Gonorrhea and abortion Leaves Phyllanthus muelerianus O. Ricinodendron heudelotii Baill Heckel Subsp.
Ethnobotany Research Guide: Home
Africanum Muell. Leonard Euphorbiaceae Stops bleeding Leaves Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. Guttiferae Purgative Fruit Harungana madagascariensis Lam. Icacina trichantha Oliv. Icacinaceae a Edible b Fattening a Fruit b Leaves Solenostemon monostachyus P. Lamiaceae Worm expellant Leaves Ocimum gratissimum Linn. Peterisianthus macrocarpus P. Liben Syn. Combretodendron a fricanum Welw. Exel Cough Bark or leaves Anthonotha macrophylla P. Leguminosae Caesalpinioideae Distemonanthus benthamianus Baill.
Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae Tonic for pregnant woman Bark Mezoneuron benthamianum Baill. Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae Craw-craw Flower and not bark Albizia zygia DC J. Baphia nitida lodd. Leguminosae-Papilionoideae High blood pressure Leaves Baphia laurifolia Baill.
Ethnobotany - Useful, Medicinal, Visionary Plants
Leguminosae-Papilionoideae Millettia aboensis Hook. Leguminosae-Papilionoideae Ring worm Leaves Hibiscus surattensis Linn. Malvaceae Bite Leaves Sida acuta subsp. Acuta Blumea Syn.